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Stephen Jenkins (9)

(2017), 'How does attrition affect estimates of persistent poverty rates? The case of EU-SILC', in A.B. Atkinson, A.-C. Guio & E. Marlier, Monitoring Social Inclusion in Europe, Eurostat, European Commission, Luxembourg, Ch. 22, pp. 402-417.
     

Abstract:
Among the primary EU indicators of social inclusion is the persistent at risk of poverty rate, defined as the proportion of persons in a country who are at risk of income poverty in the current year and who were at risk of income poverty in at least two of the preceding three years. Evidence about poverty persistence is an important complement to information about poverty prevalence at a point in time. Estimates of persistent at risk of poverty rates are derived from the longitudinal component of EU SILC in which the fortunes of individuals are tracked over four consecutive years, in principle. In practice, not all of the individuals present in the first sample year provide four years of income data: there is attrition and estimates of persistent at risk of poverty measure may therefore not be reliable. Rates of attrition from the four-year EU SILC samples used to calculate persistent poverty rates vary substantially across Member States, and there is also substantial cross-national diversity in the characteristics of individuals lost to follow-up. This paper documents such patterns in detail and provides evidence that application of longitudinal weights does not fully account for the effects of attrition, and that different assumptions about the poverty status of attritors lead to wide bounds for estimates of persistent poverty rates for most Member States.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-522,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {How does attrition affect estimates of persistent poverty rates? {T}he case of {EU-SILC}},
	Editor = {Atkinson, Anthony B. and Guio, Anne-Catherine  and Marlier, Eric },
	Booktitle = {Monitoring Social Inclusion in {E}urope},
	Publisher = {Eurostat, European Commission},
	Address = {Luxembourg},
	Chapter = {22},
	Pages = {402-417},
	Year = {2017}
}
(2016), 'Assessing Individual Income Growth', Economica, 83(332), 679-703.
     

Abstract:
We develop methods for describing distributions of income growth across individuals and for comparing changes in growth distributions over time. The methods include graphical devices (‘income growth profiles’) and dominance conditions, and also summary indices, together with associated methods of estimation and inference. Taking an explicitly longitudinal perspective, our approach illuminates clearly who are the gainers and the losers, and also provides distributionally-sensitive assessments—ones that allow the income growth for different individuals to be weighted differently. Our empirical application shows that the pattern of income growth in Britain over the period 1992–6 was less pro-poor than that for 1998–2002, and not significantly different from the pattern for 2001–5.

@ARTICLE{pvk-406,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Assessing Individual Income Growth},
	Journal = {Economica},
	Volume = {83},
	Number = {332},
	Pages = {679-703},
	Month = {October},
	Year = {2016}
}
(2014), 'The Relationship between EU Indicators of Persistent and Current Poverty', Social Indicators Research, 116(2), 611-638.
     

Abstract:
The current poverty rate and the persistent poverty rate are both included in the EU's portfolio of primary indicators of social inclusion. We show that there is a near-linear relationship between these two indicators across EU countries drawing on empirical analysis of EU-SILC and ECHP data. Using a prototypical model of poverty dynamics, we explain how the near-linear relationship arises and show how the model can be used to predict persistent poverty rates from current poverty information. In the light of the results, we discuss whether the EU's persistent poverty measure and the design of EU-SILC longitudinal data collection require modification.

@ARTICLE{pvk-355,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {The Relationship between {EU} Indicators of Persistent and Current Poverty},
	Journal = {Social Indicators Research},
	Volume = {116},
	Number = {2},
	Pages = {611-638},
	Month = {April},
	Year = {2014}
}
(2011), 'Patterns of persistent poverty: evidence from EU-SILC', ISER Working Paper 2011-30, Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Colchester, UK.
     

Abstract:
The persistent at-risk-of-poverty rate is one of the EU's 11 primary indicators of social inclusion but it has received little attention compared to the current at-risk-of-poverty rate. Using the 2008 EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) database, we compare persistent income poverty rates across European nations and examine differences in poverty profiles for subgroups defined by age and sex. We draw attention to similarities between the profiles for persistent at-risk-of-poverty rates and at-risk-of-poverty rates, and are led to question the relevance of the former measure in its current form as a key EU indicator of social progress.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-341,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Patterns of persistent poverty: evidence from {EU-SILC}},
	Series = {ISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2011-30},
	Institution = {Institute for Social and Economic Research},
	Address = {University of Essex, Colchester, UK},
	Month = {November},
	Year = {2011}
}
(2009), 'The measurement of economic inequality', in W. Salverda, B. Nolan & T.M. Smeeding, Oxford Handbook on Economic Inequality, Oxford University Press, Ch. 3, pp. 40-67.
     

Abstract:
This article provides an introduction to methods for the measurement of economic inequality. It reviews the inequality measures that economists have developed, and explains how one might choose between indices or check whether conclusions about inequality difference can be derived without choosing any specific index. It reviews mobility measurement and some fundamental questions about how the distributions of economic interest are defined.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-561,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {The measurement of economic inequality},
	Editor = {Salverda, Wiemer  and Nolan, Brian  and Smeeding, Timothy M.},
	Booktitle = {Oxford Handbook on Economic Inequality},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Chapter = {3},
	Pages = {40-67},
	Year = {2009}
}
(2006), 'Trends in income inequality, pro-poor income growth and income mobility', Oxford Economic Papers, 58(3), 531-548.
     

Abstract:
We provide an analytical framework within which changes in income inequality over time are related to the pattern of income growth across the income range and the reshuffling of individuals in the income pecking order. We use the framework first to explain how it was possible both for the poor to have fared badly relatively to the rich in the USA during the 1980s (when income inequality grew substantially), and also for income growth to have been pro-poor. Second, we contrast the US experience with that of Western Germany, where there was a much smaller rise in inequality. This is accounted for by income growth that was more pro-poor than in the USA.

@ARTICLE{pvk-75,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Trends in income inequality, pro-poor income growth and income mobility},
	Journal = {Oxford Economic Papers},
	Volume = {58},
	Number = {3},
	Pages = {531-548},
	Month = {July},
	Year = {2006}
}
(2005), 'Accounting for income distribution trends: A density function decomposition approach', Journal of Economic Inequality, 3, 43-61.
     

Abstract:
This paper develops methods for decomposing changes in the income distribution using subgroup decompositions of the income density function. Overall changes are related to changes in subgroup shares and changes in subgroup densities, where the latter are broken down further using elementary transformations of individual incomes. These density decompositions are analogous to the widely-used decompositions of inequality indices by population subgroup, except that they summarize multiple features of the income distribution (using graphs), rather than focusing on a specific feature such as dispersion, and are not dependent on the choice of a specific summary index. Nonetheless, since inequality and poverty indices can be expressed as PDF functionals, our density-based methods can also be used to provide numerical decompositions of these. An application of the methods reveals the multi-faceted nature of UK income distribution trends during the 1980s.

@ARTICLE{pvk-44,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Accounting for income distribution trends: A density function decomposition approach},
	Journal = {Journal of Economic Inequality},
	Volume = {3},
	Pages = {43-61},
	Month = {April},
	Year = {2005}
}
(2001), 'Generalized Lorenz curves and related graphs: An update for Stata 7', Stata Journal, 1(1), 107-112.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@ARTICLE{pvk-161,
	Author = {Van Kerm, Philippe and Jenkins, Stephen P.},
	Title = {Generalized {L}orenz curves and related graphs: An update for {S}tata 7},
	Journal = {Stata Journal},
	Volume = {1},
	Number = {1},
	Pages = {107-112},
	Month = {November},
	Year = {2001}
}
(1999), 'Generalized Lorenz curves and related graphs', Stata Technical Bulletin, 48, 25-29.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@ARTICLE{pvk-172,
	Author = {Jenkins, Stephen P. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Generalized {L}orenz curves and related graphs},
	Journal = {Stata Technical Bulletin},
	Volume = {48},
	Pages = {25-29},
	Month = {March},
	Year = {1999}
}

Vincent Hildebrand (4)

(2018), 'How does the achievement gap between immigrant and native-born pupils progress from primary to secondary education?', LISER Working Paper 2018-20, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
This paper documents the change in educational achievement differences between native and foreign background students between the ages of 10 and 15, as they progress from primary to secondary education. We examine three cohorts of students in a number of Western European and traditional English-speaking immigration countries using combinations of PIRLS, TIMSS and PISA survey data. While the performance of students with mixed parents is not markedly different from native students', foreign background children--both first- and second-generation--exhibit a large achievement gap at age 10 in continental Europe, even when accounting for observable differences in socio-economic characteristics. The gap tends to narrow down by age 15 in reading, but no catching up is observed in mathematics. By contrast, we do not find significant differences between the academic achievements of immigrant children and their native-born peers in traditional immigration countries.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-671,
	Author = {Alieva, Aigul and Hildebrand, Vincent A. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {How does the achievement gap between immigrant and native-born pupils progress from primary to secondary education?},
	Series = {LISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2018-20},
	Institution = {Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research},
	Address = {Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg},
	Month = {December},
	Year = {2018}
}
(2017), 'Measuring and accounting for the deprivation gap of Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg', Review of Income and Wealth, 63(2), 288-309.
     

Abstract:
This paper examines the relative well-being of Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg by looking at indicators of material deprivation. We document material deprivation differences between immigrants and nationals---the `deprivation gap'---and measure the extent to which income differentials (and other sociodemographic differences) explain this gap using a combination of non-parametric methods and a versatile graphical device. We find a large and significant deprivation gap against Portuguese immigrants, whatever the indicator considered. The extent to which the gap is merely a reflection of differences in income, however, depends on what deprivation items are taken into consideration. Income differences almost fully account for material deprivation differences when the latter is measured using the items included in the official EU social indicator of material deprivation. Inclusion of housing condition indicators mitigates this relationship and we then find compelling evidence that the deprivation gap is not entirely accounted for by income differentials.

@ARTICLE{pvk-362,
	Author = {Hildebrand, Vincent A. and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Measuring and accounting for the deprivation gap of {P}ortuguese immigrants in {L}uxembourg},
	Journal = {Review of Income and Wealth},
	Volume = {63},
	Number = {2},
	Pages = {288-309},
	Month = {June},
	Year = {2017}
}
(2010), 'Body size and wages in Europe: A semi-parametric analysis', CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper 2010-09, CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
Evidence of the association between wages and body size –typically measured by the body mass index– appears to be sensitive to estimation methods and samples, and varies across gender and ethnic groups. One factor that may contribute to this sensitivity is the non-linearity of the relationship. This paper analyzes data from the European Community Household Panel survey and uses semi-parametric techniques to avoid functional form assumptions and assess the relevance of standard models. If a linear model for women and a quadratic model for men fit the data relatively well, they are not entirely satisfactory and are statistically rejected in favour of semiparametric models which identify patterns that none of the parametric specifications capture. Furthermore, when we use height and weight in the models directly, rather than equating body size with the body mass index, the semi-parametric models reveal a more complex picture with height having additional effects on wages. We interpret our

@TECHREPORT{pvk-323,
	Author = {Hildebrand, Vincent A. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Body size and wages in {E}urope: A semi-parametric analysis},
	Series = {CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper},
	Number = {2010-09},
	Institution = {CEPS/INSTEAD},
	Address = {Differdange, Luxembourg},
	Month = {June},
	Year = {2010}
}
(2009), 'Income inequality and self-reported health status: Evidence from the European Community Household Panel survey', Demography, 46(4), 805-825.
     

Abstract:
We examine the effect of income inequality on individualś self-rated health status in a pooled sample of 11 countries, using longitudinal data from the European Community Household Panel survey. Taking advantage of the longitudinal and cross-national nature of our data, and carefully modeling the self-reported health information, we avoid several of the pitfalls suffered by earlier studies on this topic. We calculate income inequality indices measured at two standard levels of geography (NUTS-0 and NUTS-1) and find consistent evidence that income inequality is negatively related to self-rated health status in the European Union for both men and women, particularly when measured at national level. However, despite its statistical significance, the magnitude of the impact of inequality on health is very small.

@ARTICLE{pvk-13,
	Author = {Hildebrand, Vincent A. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Income inequality and self-reported health status: Evidence from the {E}uropean {C}ommunity {H}ousehold {P}anel survey},
	Journal = {Demography},
	Volume = {46},
	Number = {4},
	Pages = {805-825},
	Month = {November},
	Year = {2009}
}

Maria Noel Pi Alperin (3)

(2017), 'Measuring and accounting for the deprivation gap of Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg', Review of Income and Wealth, 63(2), 288-309.
     

Abstract:
This paper examines the relative well-being of Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg by looking at indicators of material deprivation. We document material deprivation differences between immigrants and nationals---the `deprivation gap'---and measure the extent to which income differentials (and other sociodemographic differences) explain this gap using a combination of non-parametric methods and a versatile graphical device. We find a large and significant deprivation gap against Portuguese immigrants, whatever the indicator considered. The extent to which the gap is merely a reflection of differences in income, however, depends on what deprivation items are taken into consideration. Income differences almost fully account for material deprivation differences when the latter is measured using the items included in the official EU social indicator of material deprivation. Inclusion of housing condition indicators mitigates this relationship and we then find compelling evidence that the deprivation gap is not entirely accounted for by income differentials.

@ARTICLE{pvk-362,
	Author = {Hildebrand, Vincent A. and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Measuring and accounting for the deprivation gap of {P}ortuguese immigrants in {L}uxembourg},
	Journal = {Review of Income and Wealth},
	Volume = {63},
	Number = {2},
	Pages = {288-309},
	Month = {June},
	Year = {2017}
}
(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}
(2013), 'Inequality, growth and mobility: The intertemporal distribution of income in European countries 2003--2007', Economic Modelling, 35(C), 931-939.
     

Abstract:
This paper exploits EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions longitudinal data 2003–2007 to describe the intertemporal distribution of income in twenty-six European countries prior to the onset of the Great Recession. We document levels, inequality and progressivity in the distribution of year-on-year income gains and losses and examine the relationship of these with inequality and poverty indicators. New Member States have typically seen individual incomes grow faster than other EU countries. Income gains were disproportionately pro-poor in all countries. We therefore observe regression to the mean both among EU countries and among individuals within countries. However, short-run income mobility does not significantly reduce inequality of time-averaged incomes. Potential issues about cross-country comparability of the data and the short period under consideration call for caution in interpreting our results, however.

@ARTICLE{pvk-382,
	Author = {Van Kerm, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel},
	Title = {Inequality, growth and mobility: The intertemporal distribution of income in {E}uropean countries 2003--2007},
	Journal = {Economic Modelling},
	Volume = {35},
	Number = {C},
	Pages = {931-939},
	Year = {2013}
}

Eva Sierminska (3)

(2015), 'Modeling the Joint Distribution of Income and Wealth', in T. Garner & K. Short, Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility, Research on Economic Inequality 23, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 301-327.
     

Abstract:
This paper considers a parametric model for the joint distribution of income and wealth. The model is used to analyze income and wealth inequality in five OECD countries using comparable household-level survey data. We focus on the dependence parameter between the two variables and study whether accounting for wealth and income jointly reveals a different pattern of social inequality than the traditional “income only” approach. We find that cross-country variations in the dependence parameter effectively account only for a small fraction of cross-country differences in a bivariate measure of inequality. The index appears primarily driven by differences in inequality in the wealth distribution.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-452,
	Author = {Jäntti, Markus and Sierminska, Eva M. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Modeling the Joint Distribution of Income and Wealth},
	Editor = {Garner, Thesia  and Short, Kathleen },
	Booktitle = {Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility},
	Series = {Research on Economic Inequality},
	Number = {23},
	Publisher = {Emerald Group Publishing Limited},
	Pages = {301-327},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2015}
}
(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}
(2013), 'The joint distribution of income and wealth', in J. Gornick & M. Jäntti, Economic Inequality in Cross-National Perspective, Social Inequality Series, Stanford University Press, USA.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-551,
	Author = {Jäntti, Markus and Sierminska, Eva M. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {The joint distribution of income and wealth},
	Editor = {Gornick, Janet  and Jäntti, Markus },
	Booktitle = {Economic Inequality in Cross-National Perspective},
	Series = {Social Inequality Series},
	Publisher = { Stanford University Press},
	Address = {USA},
	Year = {2013}
}

Denisa Sologon (3)

(2018), 'Modelling earnings dynamics and inequality: foreign workers and inequality trends in Luxembourg, 1988--2009', Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series A: Statistics in Society), 181(2), 409-440.
     

Abstract:
The paper exploits large-scale administrative data to analyse trends in male earnings inequality in Luxembourg during 20 years of rapid economic growth, industrial redevelopment and massive inflow of foreign workers. A detailed error components model is estimated to identify persistent and transitory components of (the trends of) log-earnings variance and to disentangle the contributions to it of native, immigrant and cross-border workers. The model is flexible and allows for a high degree of individual, age, time and cohort heterogeneity. We observe a surprising stability in overall earnings inequality as a result of more complex underlying changes, with marked increases in persistent inequality (except among natives), a growing contribution of foreigners and a decrease in earnings instability (primarily for natives).

@ARTICLE{pvk-502,
	Author = {Sologon, Denisa M. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Modelling earnings dynamics and inequality: foreign workers and inequality trends in {L}uxembourg, 1988--2009},
	Journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series A: Statistics in Society)},
	Volume = {181},
	Number = {2},
	Pages = {409-440},
	Month = {February},
	Year = {2018}
}
(2018), 'Accounting for Differences in Income Inequality across Countries: Ireland and the United Kingdom', LISER Working Paper 2018-01, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
This paper proposes a framework for studying international differences in the distribution of household income. Integrating micro-econometric and micro-simulation approaches in a decomposition analysis it quantifies the role of tax-benefit systems, employment and occupational structures, labour prices and market returns, and demographic composition in accounting for differences in income inequality across countries. Building upon EUROMOD (the European tax-benefit calculator) and its harmonized datasets, the model is portable and can be implemented for any cross-country comparisons within the EU. An application to the UK and Ireland--two countries that have much in common while displaying different levels of inequality--shows that differences in tax-benefit rules between the two countries account for roughly half of the observed difference in disposable household income inequality. Demographic differences play negligible roles. The Irish tax-benefit system is more redistributive than UK's due to a higher tax progressivity and higher average transfer rates. These are largely attributable to policy parameter differences, but also to differences in pre-tax, pre-transfer income distributions.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-621,
	Author = {Sologon, Denisa M. and Van Kerm, Philippe and Li, Jinjing and O'Donoghue, Cathal},
	Title = {Accounting for Differences in Income Inequality across Countries: {I}reland and the {U}nited {K}ingdom},
	Series = {LISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2018-01},
	Institution = {Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research},
	Address = {Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg},
	Month = {January},
	Year = {2018}
}
(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Aigul Alieva (2)

(2018), 'How does the achievement gap between immigrant and native-born pupils progress from primary to secondary education?', LISER Working Paper 2018-20, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
This paper documents the change in educational achievement differences between native and foreign background students between the ages of 10 and 15, as they progress from primary to secondary education. We examine three cohorts of students in a number of Western European and traditional English-speaking immigration countries using combinations of PIRLS, TIMSS and PISA survey data. While the performance of students with mixed parents is not markedly different from native students', foreign background children--both first- and second-generation--exhibit a large achievement gap at age 10 in continental Europe, even when accounting for observable differences in socio-economic characteristics. The gap tends to narrow down by age 15 in reading, but no catching up is observed in mathematics. By contrast, we do not find significant differences between the academic achievements of immigrant children and their native-born peers in traditional immigration countries.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-671,
	Author = {Alieva, Aigul and Hildebrand, Vincent A. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {How does the achievement gap between immigrant and native-born pupils progress from primary to secondary education?},
	Series = {LISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2018-20},
	Institution = {Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research},
	Address = {Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg},
	Month = {December},
	Year = {2018}
}
(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Chung Choe (2)

(2018), 'Foreign Workers and the Wage Distribution: What Does the Influence Function Reveal?', Econometrics, 6(3), 1-26.
     

Abstract:
This paper draws upon influence function regression methods to determine where foreign workers stand in the distribution of private sector wages in Luxembourg, and assess whether and how much their wages contribute to wage inequality. This is quantified by measuring the effect that a marginal increase in the proportion of foreign workers—foreign residents or cross-border workers—would have on selected quantiles and measures of inequality. Analysis of the 2006 Structure of Earnings Survey reveals that foreign workers have generally lower wages than natives and therefore tend to haul the overall wage distribution downwards. Yet, their influence on wage inequality reveals small and negative. All impacts are further muted when accounting for human capital and, especially, job characteristics. Not observing any large positive inequality contribution on the Luxembourg labour market is a striking result given the sheer size of the foreign workforce and its polarization at both ends of the skill distribution.

@ARTICLE{pvk-462,
	Author = {Choe, Chung and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Foreign Workers and the Wage Distribution: {W}hat Does the Influence Function Reveal?},
	Journal = {Econometrics},
	Volume = {6},
	Number = {3},
	Pages = {1-26},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2018}
}
(2016), 'Decomposing quantile wage gaps: a conditional likelihood approach', Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series C: Applied Statistics), 65(4), 507-527.
     

Abstract:
The paper develops a parametric variant of the Machado–Mata simulation methodology to examine quantile wage differences between groups of workers, with an application to the wage gap between native and foreign workers in Luxembourg. Relying on conditional-likelihood-based ‘parametric quantile regression’ in place of the standard linear quantile regression is parsimonious and cuts computing time drastically with no loss in the accuracy of marginal quantile simulations in our application. We find that the native worker advantage is a concave function of quantile: the advantage is small (possibly negative) for both low and high quantiles, but it is large for the middle half of the quantile range (between the 20th and 70th native wage percentiles).

@ARTICLE{pvk-442,
	Author = {Van Kerm, Philippe and Choe, Chung and Yu, Seunghee},
	Title = {Decomposing quantile wage gaps: a conditional likelihood approach},
	Journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series C: Applied Statistics)},
	Volume = {65},
	Number = {4},
	Pages = {507-527},
	Month = {August},
	Year = {2016}
}

Frank Cowell (2)

(2017), 'Wealth, Top Incomes, and Inequality', in K. Hamilton & C. Hepburn, National Wealth: What is Missing, Why it Matters, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 8, pp. 175-203.
     

Abstract:
Although it is heartening to see wealth inequality being taken seriously, key concepts are often muddled, including the distinction between income and wealth, what is included in !wealth!, and facts about wealth distributions. This chapter highlights issues that arise in making ideas and facts about wealth inequality precise, and employs newly-available data to take a fresh look at wealth and wealth inequality in a comparative perspective. The composition of wealth is similar across countries, with housing wealth being the key asset. Wealth is considerably more unequally distributed than income, and it is distinctively so in the United States. Extending definitions to include pension wealth however reduces inequality substantially. Analysis also sheds light on life-cycle patterns and the role of inheritance. Discussion of the joint distributions of income and wealth suggests that interactions between increasing top income shares and the concentration of wealth and income from wealth towards the top is critical.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-693,
	Author = {Cowell, Frank A. and Nolan, Brian and Olivera, Javier and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Wealth, Top Incomes, and Inequality},
	Editor = {Hamilton, Kirk  and Hepburn, Cameron },
	Booktitle = {National Wealth: What is Missing, Why it Matters},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {8},
	Pages = {175-203},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2017}
}
(2015), 'Wealth Inequality: A Survey', Journal of Economic Surveys, 29(4), 671-710.
     

Abstract:
We survey the issues involved in comparing wealth distributions and measuring wealth inequality with illustrations from the Eurosystem Household Finance and Consumption Survey.

@ARTICLE{pvk-471,
	Author = {Cowell, Frank A. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Wealth Inequality: A Survey},
	Journal = {Journal of Economic Surveys},
	Volume = {29},
	Number = {4},
	Pages = {671-710},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2015}
}

Alessio Fusco (2)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}
(2008), 'La progression du niveau de vie entre 2003 et 2006', Vivre au Luxembourg -- Chroniques de l'enquête PSELL-3 48, CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-571,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {La progression du niveau de vie entre 2003 et 2006},
	Series = {Vivre au Luxembourg -- Chroniques de l'enqu\^ete PSELL-3},
	Number = {48},
	Institution = {CEPS/INSTEAD},
	Address = {Differdange, Luxembourg},
	Year = {2008}
}

Marie-Eve Hoet-Mulquin (2)

(1998), 'Le revenu des Belges: plat pays ou montagne russe?', Cahiers de recherche de la Faculté des Sciences économiques, sociales et de gestion 203, University of Namur, Namur, Belgium.
     

Abstract:
L'objectif de cette étude est de fournir une première évaluation, essentiellement descriptive, de l'ampleur de la mobilité des revenus en Belgique sur base des trois premières vagues d'enquête du Panel Study on Belgian Households. Nous nous efforçons de caractériser et de quantifier cette mobilité entre 1992 et 1994 et de comparer chaque fois que possible les résultats belges avec la performance d'autres pays.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-131,
	Author = {Hoet-Mulquin, Marie-Eve and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Le revenu des {B}elges: plat pays ou montagne russe?},
	Series = {Cahiers de recherche de la Facult\'e des Sciences \'economiques, sociales et de gestion},
	Number = {203},
	Institution = {University of Namur},
	Address = {Namur, Belgium},
	Month = {April},
	Year = {1998}
}
(1998), 'Une évaluation de la mobilité des revenus en Belgique sur base des trois premières vagues du PSBH', in Portrait socio-économique de la Belgique, Treizième Congrès des Economistes belges de Langue française, Centre Inter-universitaire de Formation Permanente, Charleroi, Belgium, pp. 109-126.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-231,
	Author = {Hoet-Mulquin, Marie-Eve and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Une \'evaluation de la mobilit\'e des revenus en {B}elgique sur base des trois premi\`eres vagues du {PSBH}},
	Booktitle = {Portrait socio-\'economique de la Belgique, Treizi\`eme Congr\`es des Economistes belges de Langue fran\,caise},
	Publisher = {Centre Inter-universitaire de Formation Permanente},
	Address = {Charleroi, Belgium},
	Pages = {109-126},
	Year = {1998}
}

Markus Jäntti (2)

(2015), 'Modeling the Joint Distribution of Income and Wealth', in T. Garner & K. Short, Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility, Research on Economic Inequality 23, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 301-327.
     

Abstract:
This paper considers a parametric model for the joint distribution of income and wealth. The model is used to analyze income and wealth inequality in five OECD countries using comparable household-level survey data. We focus on the dependence parameter between the two variables and study whether accounting for wealth and income jointly reveals a different pattern of social inequality than the traditional “income only” approach. We find that cross-country variations in the dependence parameter effectively account only for a small fraction of cross-country differences in a bivariate measure of inequality. The index appears primarily driven by differences in inequality in the wealth distribution.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-452,
	Author = {Jäntti, Markus and Sierminska, Eva M. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Modeling the Joint Distribution of Income and Wealth},
	Editor = {Garner, Thesia  and Short, Kathleen },
	Booktitle = {Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility},
	Series = {Research on Economic Inequality},
	Number = {23},
	Publisher = {Emerald Group Publishing Limited},
	Pages = {301-327},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2015}
}
(2013), 'The joint distribution of income and wealth', in J. Gornick & M. Jäntti, Economic Inequality in Cross-National Perspective, Social Inequality Series, Stanford University Press, USA.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-551,
	Author = {Jäntti, Markus and Sierminska, Eva M. and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {The joint distribution of income and wealth},
	Editor = {Gornick, Janet  and Jäntti, Markus },
	Booktitle = {Economic Inequality in Cross-National Perspective},
	Series = {Social Inequality Series},
	Publisher = { Stanford University Press},
	Address = {USA},
	Year = {2013}
}

Javier Olivera (2)

(2018), 'Macroprudential policy and household wealth inequality', Journal of International Money and Finance, 85(C), 262-277.
     

Abstract:
Macroprudential policies, such as caps on loan-to-value (LTV) ratios, have become part of the policy paradigm in emerging markets and advanced countries alike. Given that housing is the most important asset in household portfolios, relaxing or tightening access to mortgages may affect the distribution of household wealth in the country. In a stylised model we show that the final level of wealth inequality depends on the size of the LTV ratio, housing prices, credit cost and the strength of a bequest motive, and therefore it is not possible to predict an unequivocal effect of LTV ratios on wealth inequality. These trade-offs are illustrated with estimations of `Gini Recentered Influence Function' regressions on household survey data from 12 Euro-zone countries that participated in the first wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey. The results show that, among the households with active mortgages, high LTV ratios at the time of acquisition are related to high contributions to wealth inequality today, while house price increases are negatively related to inequality contributions. A proxy for the strength of bequest motives tends to be negatively related with wealth inequality, but credit cost does not show a significant link to the distribution of wealth.

@ARTICLE{pvk-514,
	Author = {Carpantier, Jean-Fran\,cois and Olivera, Javier and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Macroprudential policy and household wealth inequality},
	Journal = {Journal of International Money and Finance},
	Volume = {85},
	Number = {C},
	Pages = {262-277},
	Year = {2018}
}
(2017), 'Wealth, Top Incomes, and Inequality', in K. Hamilton & C. Hepburn, National Wealth: What is Missing, Why it Matters, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 8, pp. 175-203.
     

Abstract:
Although it is heartening to see wealth inequality being taken seriously, key concepts are often muddled, including the distinction between income and wealth, what is included in !wealth!, and facts about wealth distributions. This chapter highlights issues that arise in making ideas and facts about wealth inequality precise, and employs newly-available data to take a fresh look at wealth and wealth inequality in a comparative perspective. The composition of wealth is similar across countries, with housing wealth being the key asset. Wealth is considerably more unequally distributed than income, and it is distinctively so in the United States. Extending definitions to include pension wealth however reduces inequality substantially. Analysis also sheds light on life-cycle patterns and the role of inheritance. Discussion of the joint distributions of income and wealth suggests that interactions between increasing top income shares and the concentration of wealth and income from wealth towards the top is critical.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-693,
	Author = {Cowell, Frank A. and Nolan, Brian and Olivera, Javier and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Wealth, Top Incomes, and Inequality},
	Editor = {Hamilton, Kirk  and Hepburn, Cameron },
	Booktitle = {National Wealth: What is Missing, Why it Matters},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {8},
	Pages = {175-203},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2017}
}

Olivier Bargain (1)

(2019), 'Minimum Wages and the Gender Gap in Pay: New Evidence from the United Kingdom and Ireland', Review of Income and Wealth, 65(3), 514-539.
     

Abstract:
Women are disproportionately in low‐paid work compared to men so, in the absence of rationing effects on their employment, they should benefit the most from minimum wage policies. This study examines the change in the gender wage gap around the introduction of minimum wages in Ireland and the United Kingdom (U.K.). Using survey data for the two countries, we develop a decomposition of the change in the gender differences in wage distributions around the date of introduction of minimum wages. We separate out price effects attributed to minimum wages from employment composition effects. A significant reduction of the gender gap at low wages is observed after the introduction of the minimum wage in Ireland, while there is hardly any change in the U.K. Counterfactual simulations show that the difference between countries may be attributed to gender differences in non‐compliance with the minimum wage legislation in the U.K.

@ARTICLE{pvk-414,
	Author = {Bargain, Olivier and Doorley, Karina and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Minimum Wages and the Gender Gap in Pay: {N}ew Evidence from the {U}nited {K}ingdom and {I}reland},
	Journal = {Review of Income and Wealth},
	Volume = {65},
	Number = {3},
	Pages = {514-539},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2019}
}
(2016), 'Minimum wages and the gender gap in pay. Evidence from the UK and Ireland', LISER Working Paper 2016-02, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
Since women are disproportionately in low paid work, they should benefit the most from minimum wage policies. We exploit the introduction of a national minimum wage (MW) in Ireland (in 2000) and the UK (in 1999) to check this prediction. Using panel survey data, we implement difference-in-difference estimation of a distribution regression model. We separate out ``price'' effects from ``composition'' effects. A large reduction of the gap at low wages is found for Ireland, with small spill-over effects further up in the distribution. There is hardly any effect in Britain, largely because of apparent gender-biased non-compliance with the minimum wage legislation.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-412,
	Author = {Bargain, Olivier and Doorley, Karina and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Minimum wages and the gender gap in pay. {E}vidence from the {UK} and {I}reland},
	Series = {LISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2016-02},
	Institution = {Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research},
	Address = {Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg},
	Month = {January},
	Year = {2016}
}

Luna Bellani (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Theodore Bergström (1)

(2000), 'Exercices de microéconomie (Volume 2)'.
     

Abstract:
Deuxième complément à l'excellent ouvrage de Hal Varian Introduction à la microéconomie, ce manuel propose un nouveau choix d'exercices visant à favoriser l'apprentissage de la modélisation microéconomique moderne par les étudiants du premier et du second cycle en économie. L'effort pédagogique des auteurs se manifeste dans la diversité et l'originalité des thèmes abordés et dans le soin apporté à la cohérence de l'ouvrage. Dans ce second tome, les matières couvertes portent, entre autres, sur la théorie des choix intertemporels et en incertitude, le marché des actifs, la théorie des jeux, le bien-être, les externalités et les biens publics ainsi que la théorie de l'information.

@BOOK{pvk-281,
	Author = {Bergstr\"om, Theodore and Varian, Hal},
	Title = {Exercices de micro\'economie (Volume 2)},
	Year = {2000},
	Note = {}
}

Michela Bia (1)

(2014), 'Space-filling location selection', Stata Journal, 14(3), 605-622.
     

Abstract:
This note describes a Stata implementation of a space-filling location selection algorithm. It optimally selects a subset from an array of locations so that the spatial coverage of the array by the selected subset is optimized according to a geometric criterion. Such an algorithm is useful in site selection problems, but also in various non-parametric estimation procedures, e.g. to select (multivariate) knot locations in spline regression analysis.

@ARTICLE{pvk-432,
	Author = {Bia, Michela and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Space-filling location selection},
	Journal = {Stata Journal},
	Volume = {14},
	Number = {3},
	Pages = {605-622},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2014}
}

Jacques Brosius (1)

(2014), 'Les inégalités de salaire', in E. Marlier, J. Brosius, V. Dautel, A. Decoville, F. Durand, P. Gerber & A.-C. Guio, Cohésion sociale et territoriale au Luxembourg, Regards croisés, Peter Lang, Brussels.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-541,
	Author = {Brosius, Jacques and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Les in\'egalit\'es de salaire},
	Editor = {Marlier, Eric  and Brosius, Jacques  and Dautel, Vincent  and Decoville, Antoine  and Durand, Fr\'ed\'eric  and Gerber, Philippe  and Guio, Anne-Catherine },
	Booktitle = {Coh\'esion sociale et territoriale au {L}uxembourg, Regards crois\'es},
	Publisher = {Peter Lang},
	Address = {Brussels},
	Year = {2014}
}

Jean-François Carpantier (1)

(2018), 'Macroprudential policy and household wealth inequality', Journal of International Money and Finance, 85(C), 262-277.
     

Abstract:
Macroprudential policies, such as caps on loan-to-value (LTV) ratios, have become part of the policy paradigm in emerging markets and advanced countries alike. Given that housing is the most important asset in household portfolios, relaxing or tightening access to mortgages may affect the distribution of household wealth in the country. In a stylised model we show that the final level of wealth inequality depends on the size of the LTV ratio, housing prices, credit cost and the strength of a bequest motive, and therefore it is not possible to predict an unequivocal effect of LTV ratios on wealth inequality. These trade-offs are illustrated with estimations of `Gini Recentered Influence Function' regressions on household survey data from 12 Euro-zone countries that participated in the first wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey. The results show that, among the households with active mortgages, high LTV ratios at the time of acquisition are related to high contributions to wealth inequality today, while house price increases are negatively related to inequality contributions. A proxy for the strength of bequest motives tends to be negatively related with wealth inequality, but credit cost does not show a significant link to the distribution of wealth.

@ARTICLE{pvk-514,
	Author = {Carpantier, Jean-Fran\,cois and Olivera, Javier and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Macroprudential policy and household wealth inequality},
	Journal = {Journal of International Money and Finance},
	Volume = {85},
	Number = {C},
	Pages = {262-277},
	Year = {2018}
}

Karina Doorley (1)

(2019), 'Minimum Wages and the Gender Gap in Pay: New Evidence from the United Kingdom and Ireland', Review of Income and Wealth, 65(3), 514-539.
     

Abstract:
Women are disproportionately in low‐paid work compared to men so, in the absence of rationing effects on their employment, they should benefit the most from minimum wage policies. This study examines the change in the gender wage gap around the introduction of minimum wages in Ireland and the United Kingdom (U.K.). Using survey data for the two countries, we develop a decomposition of the change in the gender differences in wage distributions around the date of introduction of minimum wages. We separate out price effects attributed to minimum wages from employment composition effects. A significant reduction of the gender gap at low wages is observed after the introduction of the minimum wage in Ireland, while there is hardly any change in the U.K. Counterfactual simulations show that the difference between countries may be attributed to gender differences in non‐compliance with the minimum wage legislation in the U.K.

@ARTICLE{pvk-414,
	Author = {Bargain, Olivier and Doorley, Karina and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Minimum Wages and the Gender Gap in Pay: {N}ew Evidence from the {U}nited {K}ingdom and {I}reland},
	Journal = {Review of Income and Wealth},
	Volume = {65},
	Number = {3},
	Pages = {514-539},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2019}
}
(2016), 'Minimum wages and the gender gap in pay. Evidence from the UK and Ireland', LISER Working Paper 2016-02, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
Since women are disproportionately in low paid work, they should benefit the most from minimum wage policies. We exploit the introduction of a national minimum wage (MW) in Ireland (in 2000) and the UK (in 1999) to check this prediction. Using panel survey data, we implement difference-in-difference estimation of a distribution regression model. We separate out ``price'' effects from ``composition'' effects. A large reduction of the gap at low wages is found for Ireland, with small spill-over effects further up in the distribution. There is hardly any effect in Britain, largely because of apparent gender-biased non-compliance with the minimum wage legislation.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-412,
	Author = {Bargain, Olivier and Doorley, Karina and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Minimum wages and the gender gap in pay. {E}vidence from the {UK} and {I}reland},
	Series = {LISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2016-02},
	Institution = {Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research},
	Address = {Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg},
	Month = {January},
	Year = {2016}
}

Fanny Etienne-Robert (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Louis Gevers (1)

(2000), 'Evolution récente de la dispersion des revenus et de la pauvreté en Belgique. Que nous apprennent les bases de données socio-économiques fédérales?', in B. Jurion & P. Pestieau, Finances publiques, finances privées, Les Editions de l'Université de Liège, Belgium, pp. 59-74.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-212,
	Author = {Gevers, Louis and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Evolution r\'ecente de la dispersion des revenus et de la pauvret\'e en {B}elgique. {Q}ue nous apprennent les bases de donn\'ees socio-\'economiques f\'ed\'erales?},
	Editor = {Jurion, Bernard  and Pestieau, Pierre },
	Booktitle = {Finances publiques, finances priv\'ees},
	Publisher = {Les Editions de l'Universit\'e de Li\`ege},
	Address = {Belgium},
	Pages = {59-74},
	Year = {2000}
}

Alice Goisis (1)

(2019), 'Do Children Carry the Weight of Divorce?', Demography, 56(3), 785-811.
     

Abstract:
Relatively few studies have examined the physical health of children who experience parental separation. The few studies on this topic have largely focused on the United States and have used cross-sectional designs. Our study investigates the relationship between parental separation and children’s body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity risk using the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Treating parental separation as a process, we analyze variations in children's physical health before and after the date of their parents' separation in order to capture potential anticipation, adaptation, delayed, or cumulative effects. We estimate fixed-effects models to account for the potential correlation between children's physical health and unobserved factors associated with parental separation, such as socioeconomic background and other time-invariant parental characteristics. We find no evidence of statistically significant anticipation effects in the build-up to parental separation or of statistically significant changes in children’s physical health immediately after separation. However, our results show that in the longer term, the BMI of children whose parents separate significantly deviates from the BMI of children from intact families. Furthermore, this association is especially strong for separations that occur when children are under age 6.

@ARTICLE{pvk-681,
	Author = {Ozcan, Berkay and Goisis, Alice and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Do Children Carry the Weight of Divorce?},
	Journal = {Demography},
	Volume = {56},
	Number = {3},
	Pages = {785-811},
	Month = {June},
	Year = {2019}
}

Anne-Catherine Guio (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Iryna Kyzyma (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Kristell Leduc (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Jinjing Li (1)

(2018), 'Accounting for Differences in Income Inequality across Countries: Ireland and the United Kingdom', LISER Working Paper 2018-01, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
This paper proposes a framework for studying international differences in the distribution of household income. Integrating micro-econometric and micro-simulation approaches in a decomposition analysis it quantifies the role of tax-benefit systems, employment and occupational structures, labour prices and market returns, and demographic composition in accounting for differences in income inequality across countries. Building upon EUROMOD (the European tax-benefit calculator) and its harmonized datasets, the model is portable and can be implemented for any cross-country comparisons within the EU. An application to the UK and Ireland--two countries that have much in common while displaying different levels of inequality--shows that differences in tax-benefit rules between the two countries account for roughly half of the observed difference in disposable household income inequality. Demographic differences play negligible roles. The Irish tax-benefit system is more redistributive than UK's due to a higher tax progressivity and higher average transfer rates. These are largely attributable to policy parameter differences, but also to differences in pre-tax, pre-transfer income distributions.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-621,
	Author = {Sologon, Denisa M. and Van Kerm, Philippe and Li, Jinjing and O'Donoghue, Cathal},
	Title = {Accounting for Differences in Income Inequality across Countries: {I}reland and the {U}nited {K}ingdom},
	Series = {LISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2018-01},
	Institution = {Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research},
	Address = {Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg},
	Month = {January},
	Year = {2018}
}

Philippe Liégeois (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Sarah Marchal (1)

(2015), 'Les répercussions du chômage sur les revenus en Belgique dans une perspective comparative', in I. Pannecoucke, W. Lahaye, J. Vranken & R. Van Rossem, Pauvreté en Belgique: Annuaire 2015, Academia Press, Gent, Belgium.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-531,
	Author = {Van Lancker, Wim and Marchal, Sarah and Schuerman, Natalie and Van Mechelen, Natascha and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Les r\'epercussions du ch\^omage sur les revenus en {B}elgique dans une perspective comparative},
	Editor = {Pannecoucke, I  and Lahaye, W  and Vranken, Jo  and Van Rossem, R },
	Booktitle = {Pauvret\'e en {B}elgique: Annuaire 2015},
	Publisher = {Academia Press},
	Address = {Gent, Belgium},
	Year = {2015}
}

Brian Nolan (1)

(2017), 'Wealth, Top Incomes, and Inequality', in K. Hamilton & C. Hepburn, National Wealth: What is Missing, Why it Matters, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 8, pp. 175-203.
     

Abstract:
Although it is heartening to see wealth inequality being taken seriously, key concepts are often muddled, including the distinction between income and wealth, what is included in !wealth!, and facts about wealth distributions. This chapter highlights issues that arise in making ideas and facts about wealth inequality precise, and employs newly-available data to take a fresh look at wealth and wealth inequality in a comparative perspective. The composition of wealth is similar across countries, with housing wealth being the key asset. Wealth is considerably more unequally distributed than income, and it is distinctively so in the United States. Extending definitions to include pension wealth however reduces inequality substantially. Analysis also sheds light on life-cycle patterns and the role of inheritance. Discussion of the joint distributions of income and wealth suggests that interactions between increasing top income shares and the concentration of wealth and income from wealth towards the top is critical.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-693,
	Author = {Cowell, Frank A. and Nolan, Brian and Olivera, Javier and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Wealth, Top Incomes, and Inequality},
	Editor = {Hamilton, Kirk  and Hepburn, Cameron },
	Booktitle = {National Wealth: What is Missing, Why it Matters},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {8},
	Pages = {175-203},
	Month = {September},
	Year = {2017}
}

Cathal O'Donoghue (1)

(2018), 'Accounting for Differences in Income Inequality across Countries: Ireland and the United Kingdom', LISER Working Paper 2018-01, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
This paper proposes a framework for studying international differences in the distribution of household income. Integrating micro-econometric and micro-simulation approaches in a decomposition analysis it quantifies the role of tax-benefit systems, employment and occupational structures, labour prices and market returns, and demographic composition in accounting for differences in income inequality across countries. Building upon EUROMOD (the European tax-benefit calculator) and its harmonized datasets, the model is portable and can be implemented for any cross-country comparisons within the EU. An application to the UK and Ireland--two countries that have much in common while displaying different levels of inequality--shows that differences in tax-benefit rules between the two countries account for roughly half of the observed difference in disposable household income inequality. Demographic differences play negligible roles. The Irish tax-benefit system is more redistributive than UK's due to a higher tax progressivity and higher average transfer rates. These are largely attributable to policy parameter differences, but also to differences in pre-tax, pre-transfer income distributions.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-621,
	Author = {Sologon, Denisa M. and Van Kerm, Philippe and Li, Jinjing and O'Donoghue, Cathal},
	Title = {Accounting for Differences in Income Inequality across Countries: {I}reland and the {U}nited {K}ingdom},
	Series = {LISER Working Paper},
	Number = {2018-01},
	Institution = {Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research},
	Address = {Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg},
	Month = {January},
	Year = {2018}
}

Donal O'Neill (1)

(2008), 'An Integrated Framework For Analysing Income Convergence', The Manchester School, 76(1), 1-20.
     

Abstract:
We develop an integrated framework for studying income convergence that incorporates traditional measures of beta-convergence and sigma-convergence. These concepts are formally linked by a measure of re-ranking (or leapfrogging). Our proposed measure of beta-convergence allows for nonlinearities in the growth process and explicitly identifies the contribution of faster growth among low-income regions to reductions in overall inequality. To develop our framework we exploit the close links that exist between studies of income convergence and studies that examine the progressivity of the tax system. We illustrate our approach by examining both cross-country and regional income dynamics.

@ARTICLE{pvk-53,
	Author = {O'Neill, Donal and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {An Integrated Framework For Analysing Income Convergence},
	Journal = {The Manchester School},
	Volume = {76},
	Number = {1},
	Pages = {1-20},
	Month = {January},
	Year = {2008}
}

Berkay Ozcan (1)

(2019), 'Do Children Carry the Weight of Divorce?', Demography, 56(3), 785-811.
     

Abstract:
Relatively few studies have examined the physical health of children who experience parental separation. The few studies on this topic have largely focused on the United States and have used cross-sectional designs. Our study investigates the relationship between parental separation and children’s body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity risk using the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Treating parental separation as a process, we analyze variations in children's physical health before and after the date of their parents' separation in order to capture potential anticipation, adaptation, delayed, or cumulative effects. We estimate fixed-effects models to account for the potential correlation between children's physical health and unobserved factors associated with parental separation, such as socioeconomic background and other time-invariant parental characteristics. We find no evidence of statistically significant anticipation effects in the build-up to parental separation or of statistically significant changes in children’s physical health immediately after separation. However, our results show that in the longer term, the BMI of children whose parents separate significantly deviates from the BMI of children from intact families. Furthermore, this association is especially strong for separations that occur when children are under age 6.

@ARTICLE{pvk-681,
	Author = {Ozcan, Berkay and Goisis, Alice and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Do Children Carry the Weight of Divorce?},
	Journal = {Demography},
	Volume = {56},
	Number = {3},
	Pages = {785-811},
	Month = {June},
	Year = {2019}
}

Anne Reinstadler (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Natalie Schuerman (1)

(2015), 'Les répercussions du chômage sur les revenus en Belgique dans une perspective comparative', in I. Pannecoucke, W. Lahaye, J. Vranken & R. Van Rossem, Pauvreté en Belgique: Annuaire 2015, Academia Press, Gent, Belgium.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-531,
	Author = {Van Lancker, Wim and Marchal, Sarah and Schuerman, Natalie and Van Mechelen, Natascha and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Les r\'epercussions du ch\^omage sur les revenus en {B}elgique dans une perspective comparative},
	Editor = {Pannecoucke, I  and Lahaye, W  and Vranken, Jo  and Van Rossem, R },
	Booktitle = {Pauvret\'e en {B}elgique: Annuaire 2015},
	Publisher = {Academia Press},
	Address = {Gent, Belgium},
	Year = {2015}
}

Ekaterina Selezneva (1)

(2016), 'A distribution-sensitive examination of the gender wage gap in Germany', Journal of Economic Inequality, 14(1), 21-40.
     

Abstract:
This paper provides a new examination of the gender pay gap for Germany based on a family of distribution-sensitive indicators. Wage distributions for men and women do not only differ by a fixed constant; differences are more complex. We show that focusing on the bottom of the wage distribution reveals a larger gender gap. Our distribution-sensitive analysis can also be used to study whether the statistical disadvantage of women in average pay might be ‘offset’ by lower inequality. Over a broad range of plausible preferences over inequality, we show however that ‘inequality-adjusted’ estimates of the gap can be up to three times higher than standard inequality-neutral measures in Eastern Germany and up to fifty percent higher in Western Germany. Using preference parameters elicited from a hypothetical risky investment question in our sample, inequality-adjusted gender gap measures turn out to be close to those upper bounds.

@ARTICLE{pvk-484,
	Author = {Selezneva, Ekaterina and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {A distribution-sensitive examination of the gender wage gap in {G}ermany},
	Journal = {Journal of Economic Inequality},
	Volume = {14},
	Number = {1},
	Pages = {21-40},
	Month = {March},
	Year = {2016}
}

Patrick Thill (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Marie Valentova (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Wim Van Lancker (1)

(2015), 'Les répercussions du chômage sur les revenus en Belgique dans une perspective comparative', in I. Pannecoucke, W. Lahaye, J. Vranken & R. Van Rossem, Pauvreté en Belgique: Annuaire 2015, Academia Press, Gent, Belgium.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-531,
	Author = {Van Lancker, Wim and Marchal, Sarah and Schuerman, Natalie and Van Mechelen, Natascha and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Les r\'epercussions du ch\^omage sur les revenus en {B}elgique dans une perspective comparative},
	Editor = {Pannecoucke, I  and Lahaye, W  and Vranken, Jo  and Van Rossem, R },
	Booktitle = {Pauvret\'e en {B}elgique: Annuaire 2015},
	Publisher = {Academia Press},
	Address = {Gent, Belgium},
	Year = {2015}
}

Natascha Van Mechelen (1)

(2015), 'Les répercussions du chômage sur les revenus en Belgique dans une perspective comparative', in I. Pannecoucke, W. Lahaye, J. Vranken & R. Van Rossem, Pauvreté en Belgique: Annuaire 2015, Academia Press, Gent, Belgium.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-531,
	Author = {Van Lancker, Wim and Marchal, Sarah and Schuerman, Natalie and Van Mechelen, Natascha and Van Kerm, Philippe},
	Title = {Les r\'epercussions du ch\^omage sur les revenus en {B}elgique dans une perspective comparative},
	Editor = {Pannecoucke, I  and Lahaye, W  and Vranken, Jo  and Van Rossem, R },
	Booktitle = {Pauvret\'e en {B}elgique: Annuaire 2015},
	Publisher = {Academia Press},
	Address = {Gent, Belgium},
	Year = {2015}
}

Hal Varian (1)

(2000), 'Exercices de microéconomie (Volume 2)'.
     

Abstract:
Deuxième complément à l'excellent ouvrage de Hal Varian Introduction à la microéconomie, ce manuel propose un nouveau choix d'exercices visant à favoriser l'apprentissage de la modélisation microéconomique moderne par les étudiants du premier et du second cycle en économie. L'effort pédagogique des auteurs se manifeste dans la diversité et l'originalité des thèmes abordés et dans le soin apporté à la cohérence de l'ouvrage. Dans ce second tome, les matières couvertes portent, entre autres, sur la théorie des choix intertemporels et en incertitude, le marché des actifs, la théorie des jeux, le bien-être, les externalités et les biens publics ainsi que la théorie de l'information.

@BOOK{pvk-281,
	Author = {Bergstr\"om, Theodore and Varian, Hal},
	Title = {Exercices de micro\'economie (Volume 2)},
	Year = {2000},
	Note = {}
}

Anne Villeret (1)

(2007), 'Difficile de joindre les deux bouts? La satisfaction des ménages luxembourgeois quant à leur situation financière', Vivre au Luxembourg -- Chroniques de l'enquête PSELL-3 36, CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange, Luxembourg.
     

Abstract:
No abstract available.

@TECHREPORT{pvk-581,
	Author = {Van Kerm, Philippe and Villeret, Anne},
	Title = {Difficile de joindre les deux bouts? {L}a satisfaction des m\'enages luxembourgeois quant \`a leur situation financi\`ere},
	Series = {Vivre au Luxembourg -- Chroniques de l'enqu\^ete PSELL-3},
	Number = {36},
	Institution = {CEPS/INSTEAD},
	Address = {Differdange, Luxembourg},
	Year = {2007}
}

Bogdan Voicu (1)

(2014), 'Luxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?', in B. Nolan, W. Salverda, D. Checchi, I. Marx, A. McKnight, I. Tòth & H. van de Werfhorst, Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, Ch. 19, pp. 437-458.
     

Abstract:
Luxembourg experienced remarkable economic performance and employment growth since the middle of the 1980s. Based on the development of the financial sector, this growth benefited massively from the contribution of immigrants and cross-border workers to the labour force. High economic growth led to a rapid improvement in the overall living standard of the resident population. During the same period, income inequality increased too, albeit modestly. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. This chapter analyses the factors that explain the rise in income inequality between 1985 and 2010 and provides a descriptive account of whether this trend has been correlated with a set of social, cultural, and political outcomes. By and large, the positive impact of the improvement of overall living standards seems to have prevailed over the potential detrimental effects of increasing inequality.

@INCOLLECTION{pvk-422,
	Author = {Fusco, Alessio and Van Kerm, Philippe and Alieva, Aigul and Bellani, Luna and Etienne-Robert, Fanny and Guio, Anne-Catherine and Kyzyma, Iryna and Leduc, Kristell and Li\'egeois, Philippe and Pi Alperin, Maria Noel and Reinstadler, Anne and Sierminska, Eva M. and Sologon, Denisa M. and Thill, Patrick and Valentova, Marie and Voicu, Bogdan},
	Title = {{L}uxembourg: Has inequality grown enough to matter?},
	Editor = {Nolan, Brian  and Salverda, Wiemer  and Checchi, Daniele  and Marx, Ive  and McKnight, Abigail  and Tòth, Istvan  and van de Werfhorst, Herman },
	Booktitle = {Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences},
	Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
	Address = {Oxford, UK},
	Chapter = {19},
	Pages = {437-458},
	Year = {2014}
}

Seunghee Yu (1)

(2016), 'Decomposing quantile wage gaps: a conditional likelihood approach', Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series C: Applied Statistics), 65(4), 507-527.
     

Abstract:
The paper develops a parametric variant of the Machado–Mata simulation methodology to examine quantile wage differences between groups of workers, with an application to the wage gap between native and foreign workers in Luxembourg. Relying on conditional-likelihood-based ‘parametric quantile regression’ in place of the standard linear quantile regression is parsimonious and cuts computing time drastically with no loss in the accuracy of marginal quantile simulations in our application. We find that the native worker advantage is a concave function of quantile: the advantage is small (possibly negative) for both low and high quantiles, but it is large for the middle half of the quantile range (between the 20th and 70th native wage percentiles).

@ARTICLE{pvk-442,
	Author = {Van Kerm, Philippe and Choe, Chung and Yu, Seunghee},
	Title = {Decomposing quantile wage gaps: a conditional likelihood approach},
	Journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series C: Applied Statistics)},
	Volume = {65},
	Number = {4},
	Pages = {507-527},
	Month = {August},
	Year = {2016}
}